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Fewer exclusions.
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Better alternative provision.
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Fewer exclusions. Better alternative provision.
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Typically every year 8,000 pupils are permanently excluded from school. Only one in 20 excluded pupils passes their English and maths GCSEs.

The IntegratED partnership is working to reduce preventable exclusions and improve education for children excluded from school.

IntegratED partners are piloting programmes to develop specialist teachers, identify children at risk of exclusion, engage parents, build learner agency, improve literacy, boost pupil aspirations and much more.

We lobby for policy changes to support stakeholder-led system improvement. This includes early intervention to prevent exclusions, specialist mental health support, fair funding, the Timpson review recommendations and more.

Join our network of practitioners, researchers and campaigners working to reduce preventable exclusions and improve the quality of alternative provision. Whatever your area of interest, you’ll find others keen to share their research and ideas.

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The AP Quality Toolkit provides a comprehensive framework, shared understanding and common vocabulary for AP quality. We believe that it has the power to transform the way AP quality is understood, evaluated and improved.

Exclusions in numbers


5,057 pupils were permanently excluded from school last year


40% of pupils who experience an unexplained exit leave to an unknown destination and never return to the state school system


At least 32,083 pupils were known to have be educated in alternative provision last year


665,251 school days were lost to fixed-term exclusions

“There is more we can do to ensure that every exclusion is lawful, reasonable and fair; and that permanent exclusion is always a last resort, used only where nothing else will do.”

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Edward Timpson, MP

Former Minister for Children and Families

What is the government doing about this?

The Timpson review of school exclusion was commissioned by the government in 2018, to explore how headteachers use exclusion in practice, and why some groups of pupils are more likely to be excluded than others.

The report made 30 recommendations, and the government accepted them all in principle. Here’s where you can track which ones have been implemented.

Short-term costs of exclusion


4% of excluded children pass their English and maths GCSEs.


64% of pupils across all state schools pass their English and maths GCSEs.

1 in 2

One in two excluded children drop out of education, employment or training after their GCSEs.

1 in 20

One in 20 children from mainstream school drop out of education, employment or training after their GCSEs.

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Explore our map of alternative provision schools in England, and find the outcomes for excluded children in each local authority.

View the five “cold spots” where excluded children have a poor-to-zero chance of receiving quality education, and the places where data is simply not available.

Long-term costs of exclusion


Children in gangs are six times as likely to have been in alternative provision in the previous year compared to other children assessed by children’s services.


According to the Ministry of Justice, 42% of prisoners report having been permanently excluded from school compared to less than 1% of all secondary pupils.


Each excluded pupil costs the state approximately £370,000 in additional education, benefits, healthcare and criminal justice costs across a lifetime.


Every year’s cohort of permanently excluded pupils costs the state, on average, £2.1 billion.

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IntegratED partner organisations

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